Grammar Lesson 10:

Usage of "지"

The particle "지" is used in many ways. 

1. 지 for meaning negative

1) 제가 먹었어요. I ate it. -> 제가 먹 않았어요. I didn't eat it. 
2) 제가 문 닫았어요. I closed the door. -> 제가 문 닫 않았어요. I didn't close the door. 

2. 지 for meaning "since"

1) 한국에 온 1년 됐어요. It's been 1 year since I came to Korea. 
2) 이 친구를 안 5년 됐어요. It's been 5 years since I met this friend. 
3) 엄마한테 전화한 한 달 됐어요. It's been a month since I called my mom. 

3. 지 for connecting a question phrase

1) 수민이가 어디에 있어요? Where's Sumin? -> 수민이 어디 있는 알아요? Do you know where Sumin is?
2) 새가 어떻게 날아요? How does birds fly? -> 새가 어떻게 나는 궁금해요. I wonder how birds fly.
3) 저 사람 누구예요? Who is that person? -> 저 사람 누구인 몰라요. I don't know who that person is.


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