Grammar Lesson 20:

The seasons

Vår = Spring
Sommar = Summer
Höst = Autumn
Vinter = Winter
 
Försommar = The beginning of / early summer
Sensommar = Late summer
Förvinter = The beginning of / early winter
Senvinter = Late winter
Midsommar = Mid summer
Brittsommar / indiansommar = Indian summer, the period in autumn, often October, where warm weather returns one last time
Järnnätter = The ice-cold, frosty nights that can still occur late in spring, or early summer
 
Examples of season-related expressions:

på sommaren / på vintern = in summer / in winter

på våren / på hösten = in spring / in autumn
 
nästa vår / sommar / höst / vinter = next spring / next summer / next autumn / next winter

förra våren / sommaren / hösten / vintern = last spring / last summer / last autumn / last winter
 
under våren / sommaren / hösten / vintern = during the spring / during the summer / during the autumn / during the winter

förrförra våren / sommaren / hösten / vintern =  two springs ago / two summers ago / two autumns ago / two winters ago 

vårdagjämning = vernal equinox
höstdagjämning = autumnal equinox

sommarsolståndet = summer solstice
vintersolståndet = winter solstice

under hela våren / sommaren / hösten / vintern = throughout the whole spring / summer / autumn / winter

sedan september = since September

vårig / somrig / höstig / vintrig = springlike / summery / autumnal / wintry
 
i våras / somras / höstas / vintras = this past spring / summer / autumn / winter
 



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