Grammar Lesson 16:

Pronunciation like a pro - tips for beginners

Quite often native Swedes don’t pronounce some letters in words as they are written, and to sound more native you might want to try it out!

Godmorgon (Good morning) = ”Gomorron”
Pommes frites = ”Pomm fritt” (or just ”pommes”)
Mûsli = ”Mysli”
Riktigt (Really) = ”Riktitt”
Värld (World) = ”Värd”
Mycket (Much) = Mycke
Det (The/It) = De
Jag (I) = Ja (this varies, sometimes the full word is pronounced, sometimes only ”ja”)

And some words contain letters that are simply never pronounced, where the letters have just remained in the written version since the old days:

Hjul (Wheel)  = ”Jul”, Hjärna (Brain) = ”Järna”, Hjort (Deer) = Jort
Ljus (Light/Candle) = ”Jus”, Ljung (Heather)  = ”Jung”
Gjort (Done) = Jort
There are also words that have simply been adapted to speech over time, and where some parts of them are pronounced differently than the written version to make a smoother conversation (although please remember that both can be used, and the latter is more commonly found in everyday life, rather than in more formal situations):
Flickor (Girls) = ”Flicker”
Pappor (Dads) = ”Papper”
Strumpor (Socks) = ”Strumper”
Byxor (Pants) = ”Byxer”
And last but not least – there are some common words that are never pronounced as they are written, as they are only leftovers from the written Swedish from the beginning of the 20th century:

Mig (Me) = ”Mej”
Dig (You, sing.) = ”Dej”
De/Dem (They/them) = Dom
Sverige = Sverje

Fun bonus fact: the world ”Sverige” originates from the words ”Svea” and ”Rike”, as in ”Svea Rike”. This means ”The kingdom of svear”, which indicates that the people called them selves ”svear”, which meant ”themselves”, or ”ourselves” (de själva/oss själva).

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