Grammar Lesson 1:Personal pronouns in Dutch
|1st singular||ik (I)|
|2nd singular||jij/u/je/jou (you)|
|3rd singular||hij/zij/het (he/she/it)|
|1st plural||wij, we (we)|
|2nd plural||jullie (you)|
|3rd plural||zij, ze (they)|
The difference between "we" and "wij" is that "wij" is stressed, while "we" is not.
drinken bier. = We
drink beer. (but other people drink something else)
We drinken bier = We drink beer.
The difference between "ze" and "zij" is that "zij" is stressed, while "ze" is not.
wil vandaag een ijsje gaan eten = She
wants to eat an ice cream today (but I don't)
Ze wil vandaag een ijsje gaan eten = She wants to eat an ice cream today.
The difference between "je" and "jij" is that "jij" is stressed, while "je" is not.
moet de afwas doen. = You
have to clean the dishes (not me!)
Je moet de afwas doen. = You have to clean the dishes
Here's an easy way to remember this rule. Those pronouns with the stress have an extra J at the end. Associate "jaw" (starts with J) with stressing words (You need to move your "jaw" differently to stress a word).