Grammar Lesson 9:


"에" is used for time

In English, you use "at, on, in" for time depending on what it is. However, in Korean, you only need to use "에" when indicating time. 

1) 1시20분 만나자! Let's meet at 1:20. 
2) 2월2일 여행 출발해. I leave for my trip on Feburary 2nd. 
3) 한국 전쟁은 1950년 일어났어. Korean War broke out in 1950. 

"에" is used for place as well. 
1) 엄마는 회사 계세요. My mom is at her office. 
2) 아빠는 미국 사세요. My dad lives in America. 

"에" and "로" are used for direction
1) 저는 학교 가요. I'm going to school. 
2) 저는 서쪽으로 가요. I'm heading west. 

"부터-까지" for duration
1) 저는 9시부터 5시까지 일해요. I work from 9 to 5. 
2) 저는 12월 1일부터 30일까지 아르바이트 해요. I work part-time from December 1st to 30th. 

"에서-까지" for distance
1) 저는 서울에서 대전까지 매일 운전해요. I drive from Seoul to Daejun everyday. 
2) 서울에서 시카고까지 14시간 걸려요. It takes 14 hours from Seoul to Chicago. 

"한테" and "에게" for directing a person 
"한테" is used in speaking, "에게" is used in writing 
1) 저 엄마한테 줄 게 있어요. I have something to give you. 
2) 친구한테 선물을 줬어요. I gave a present to my friend. 
3) (In a letter) 
    사랑하는 엄마에게
    엄마 잘 지내시죠? 

"하고" and "랑 for meaning "with" *These two have no differences in usage. 
1) 저는 친구하고 쇼핑 가요. I'm going shopping with my friend. 
2) 라면은 김치 먹으면 더 맛있어요. Ramen is more delicious when eating with Kimchi.

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