Grammar Lesson 9:Prepositions"에" is used for time
In English, you use "at, on, in" for time depending on what it is. However, in Korean, you only need to use "에" when indicating time.
만나자! Let's meet at
여행 출발해. I leave for my trip on
3) 한국 전쟁은 1950년에
일어났어. Korean War broke out in
1950. "에" is used for place
1) 엄마는 회사에
계세요. My mom is at
2) 아빠는 미국에
사세요. My dad lives in
America. "에" and "로" are used for direction
1) 저는 학교에
가요. I'm going to
2) 저는 서쪽으로
가요. I'm heading west. "부터-까지" for duration
1) 저는 9시부터
일해요. I work from
2) 저는 12월 1일부터
아르바이트 해요. I work part-time from December 1st to 30th. "에서-까지" for distance
1) 저는 서울에서
매일 운전해요. I drive from Seoul to Daejun everyday.
14시간 걸려요. It takes 14 hours from Seoul to Chicago. "한테" and "에게" for directing a person
"한테" is used in speaking, "에게" is used in writing
1) 저 엄마한테
줄 게 있어요. I have something to give you.
선물을 줬어요. I gave a present to my friend.
3) (In a letter)
엄마 잘 지내시죠? "하고" and "랑 for meaning "with"
*These two have no differences in usage.
1) 저는 친구하고
쇼핑 가요. I'm going shopping with my friend.
2) 라면은 김치랑
먹으면 더 맛있어요. Ramen is more delicious when eating with Kimchi.
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